The autumn and winter flu season is coming again. These measures are most effective!

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Chengdu full search news network (reporter Li Huiying) reported on August 20 that at present, the global epidemic situation is still severe, and the autumn and winter flu season will come again. Many people have such doubts and worries about whether influenza will overlap with the time of the epidemic and how to prevent it? What are the novel coronavirus pneumonia?

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today, Professor Luan Rongsheng of West China School of public health, Sichuan University, answered for you.

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question: will winter influenza overlap with the epidemic time? Answer to

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: according to previous experience, the epidemic time of winter influenza in China generally starts from December and lasts until March to May of next year.

The novel coronavirus pneumonia (

) can be transmitted by respiratory droplets and contact with influenza and new coronavirus pneumonia, which are greatly influenced by climate and interpersonal contact. The cold weather in autumn and winter will prolong the survival time of the respiratory tract discharged into the outside, and the cold resistance will be relatively weak. The virus will enter the area easily and spread easily, and the crowd will expand. Another necessary condition. After the

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enter into autumn and winter, more and more people gather in different degrees when they return to work and start school. In autumn and winter, people’s indoor activities are relatively frequent, and the indoor ventilation is not as good as that in summer. The novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic situation in many other countries in the world is still relatively severe and has not been effectively controlled by

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: how to judge whether you have influenza?

answer: influenza usually acute onset, fever (high fever up to 39-40 ℃), respiratory symptoms can appear sore throat, cough, nasal congestion, runny nose, etc., systemic symptoms such as headache, myalgia, fatigue, etc.

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may be caused by infection of influenza virus, especially in the influenza season. However, due to the lack of specificity in symptoms and signs of influenza, it is easy to be confused with common cold and other upper respiratory tract infections, so influenza needs laboratory testing to confirm the diagnosis. The detection methods include nucleic acid detection, virus isolation and culture, antigen detection and serological detection.

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: what is the most economic and effective means of influenza prevention and control? How to prevent influenza in daily life?

answer: influenza vaccination is the most effective means to prevent influenza at present, which can significantly reduce the risk of influenza and serious complications.

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refer to personal daily protection: keep indoor ventilation; pay attention to good personal hygiene habits, including: wash hands frequently without touching eyes, mouth and nose; avoid going to crowd gathering places as far as possible during influenza epidemic season; avoid contacting each other when family members have influenza patients, especially when there are elderly and chronic patients in the family. Taking antiviral drugs within 48 hours of symptom onset can effectively relieve symptoms and shorten the duration of symptoms.