What does it mean for Sichuan to launch the first level I flood control emergency response?

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● since Sichuan started the level IV flood control emergency response at 8:00 on August 11, it only took 8 days to reach the highest level – level I flood control emergency response.

· “once in 100 years” means “an event with a probability of 1% in any year”.

● in the history of Sichuan, there were only five level II emergency responses in 2010, 2011, 2012, 2018 and this year.

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● at present, all member units should insist on dealing with emergencies and special cases, and do their best to carry out disaster relief work.

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at 5:00 on August 18, Sichuan Provincial Flood Control and drought relief headquarters decided to launch level I flood control emergency response. It is understood that this is the first time that Sichuan has launched a level I flood control emergency response. What is the current situation of flood control and disaster relief in Sichuan? What does it mean for the first time to initiate level I flood control emergency response? What’s the next step? In this regard, the reporter conducted a follow-up interview.

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what “triggered” the level I emergency response?

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according to the provisions of Sichuan Province Flood Control and drought relief emergency plan in 2020, when there is or is likely to be a particularly serious flood and drought disaster, or other situations that require the initiation of level I emergency response, the disaster prevention Office will put forward suggestions and the provincial director of flood control and drought relief will approve the start.

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according to the relevant person in charge of the flood control and Drought Relief Headquarters of Sichuan Province, at present, the Ya’an urban section of the Qingyi River has experienced a 100 year return period of flood. It is expected that the whole Qingyi River Basin will fully exceed the guaranteed water level, and the lower reaches of Dadu River and Minjiang River will also have full-scale over alarm and over guarantee floods. The flood control situation is very serious. This is the main reason for triggering the emergency response of level I flood control.

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at present, affected by continuous precipitation, the water level of Qingyi River rises, and a large amount of water appears in low-lying areas of Ya’an City. Due to rainstorm disaster from 23:00 on August 17 to 6:00 on August 18, Yucheng District transferred 11721 households and 36345 people. In Ya’an urban section of Qingyi River, there is a 100 year flood. How bad is the 100 year flood?

“once in a hundred years” does not mean that it only happens once in 100 years According to the relevant person in charge of the water regime forecast center of Sichuan Provincial Bureau of hydrology, “once in 100 years” means “an event with a probability of 1% in any year”.

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according to reports, the value of “Centennial events” will also fluctuate with the change of natural conditions. For example, if, under the trend of global warming, the fluctuation of “100 year event” of precipitation and temperature becomes larger, which means that it is possible to cause larger and higher frequency flood, and the frequency of pre-defined “100 year return event” will increase – from 1% probability to more than 1% level.

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were not launched in 1998. Why did they start this year?

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are the first time to start flood control emergency response in Sichuan since records were made. In fact, it is not only level I flood control emergency response, but also grade II emergency response in the history of Sichuan Province, including 2010, 2011, 2012, 2018 and this year. “It shows that the current flood control situation in our province has been extremely severe!” Sichuan Province Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters related person in charge said. The

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floods occurred in the Yangtze River Basin in 1998. The destructive power of the flood in that year was far greater than that of this year. Why did it not start in that year, but started this year?

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originally, in January 2005, the executive meeting of the State Council adopted the “national overall emergency plan for public emergencies” in principle, and issued and implemented the “national emergency plan for flood control and drought relief” in 2006. The emergency response system for flood control and drought relief in Sichuan was established only in 2005. “It’s not that there was no start-up, but there was no such mechanism at that time.”

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according to the reporter’s analysis, since Sichuan launched the IV level flood control emergency response at 8:00 on August 11, although there has been a downward level, on the whole, it has shown a trend of continuous upgrading. It took only 8 days for emergency response.

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emergency handling and special handling. Sichuan Province urgently mobilizes

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. According to the provisions of “Sichuan Province 2020 flood control and drought relief emergency plan”, the Sichuan Provincial Flood Control and Drought Relief Command commander will preside over the consultation in the provincial flood control and drought relief command center, study and judge the situation of flood control and drought relief, and make emergency mobilization and deployment. The deputy commander of Sichuan Provincial Flood Control and drought relief command center is in charge.

“at present, all member units should insist on dealing with emergencies and special cases, and do their best to carry out disaster relief work.” Sichuan Province Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters related person in charge. Among the member units of

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, the Department of economy and information technology ensures the power demand for flood control and drought relief, The Department of finance provided timely financial support for the disaster area, the Department of water resources and the Department of emergency management provided emergency allocation of flood control and drought relief materials for the disaster area, and organized and guided the rescue of the affected people in time. The transportation department, Chengdu Railway regulatory bureau and civil aviation Sichuan Supervision Bureau provided guarantee for the transportation of flood control and drought relief materials. The provincial health and Health Commission sent medical teams to the disaster areas in time to carry out medical treatment and disease prevention and control

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in addition, the Sichuan garrison, the armed police force, the provincial fire rescue corps and the provincial forest fire brigade and other professional rescue forces and social rescue forces participate in the flood control and drought relief work according to the relevant regulations and needs, and the Provincial Meteorological Bureau and the provincial Hydrological Bureau strengthen the monitoring and forecasting of disaster weather and rivers. Relevant member units shall send liaison officers to the provincial flood control and drought relief command center to be on duty.

“we have sent working groups and expert groups to the front line to organize and guide the flood control and drought relief work. The provincial flood control index will also strengthen the duty, strengthen coordination and supervision of flood control and drought relief operation related to the overall situation, strengthen video consultation with relevant regions, and make targeted arrangements in a timely manner Sichuan Province Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters related person in charge said. The original title of

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is “once in a century flood” is coming! What does it mean for Sichuan to launch the first level I flood control emergency response?