Jinsha site and Dazu stone inscriptions

In the exhibition hall of

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, the original scenery of Qianfo cliff in xiaofowan is restored.

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on August 16, the exhibition of “Dazu in the world: discovery and inheritance of Dazu stone carvings” opened in Jinsha Site Museum. This is the first exhibition result born under the background of the strategy of “construction of double city economic circle in Chengdu Chongqing region” and the co construction of Bashu cultural tourism corridor. In June this year, Jinsha Site Museum and Dazu stone carving Research Institute signed a memorandum of academic cooperation, marking the formal hand in hand of the two major cultural heritages of Bashu.

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are the largest scale exhibition in Dazu stone carving history. Through more than 90 pieces (sets) of exhibits, the exhibition focuses on Dazu stone carving statues represented by Beishan, Baodingshan, Nanshan, shizhuangshan and Shimenshan grottoes, presenting Dazu stone carving’s unique aesthetic art, exquisite carving technology and advanced cultural and cultural protection achievements.

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were made into gold. More than 50000 statues of

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leaped onto the cliff.

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appeared on the cliff. Around the third century A.D., grotto art originated in ancient India and was later introduced into China through the western regions. In the Wei, Jin and Sui and Tang Dynasties, there were several statues peaks in northern China. In the late Tang Dynasty, when the northern grottoes were on the decline, the sculptors in Sichuan and Chongqing left a unique style of creation for the history of Chinese grottoes.

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are the reclining Buddha carved in Dazu stone.

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provided by Dazu stone carving Research Institute are of the same origin in Bashu culture. The combination of Jinsha and Dazu is also known as “turning stone into gold”. More than 3000 years ago, the ancestors of ancient Shu collected gold from the sand. In addition to casting sacred objects such as the sun god bird gold ornaments and gold masks, they also collected beautiful stones and carefully carved them. The 12 stone kneeling statues unearthed in the sacrificial area of the site are the earliest and most refined three-dimensional stone carving art works found in China, leaving an initial impression on the stone carving art in Bashu area. After more than 1000 years of

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, the craftsmen of the two places cooperated with each other to keep the stone carving skills above the mountains and rivers. From the early Tang Dynasty to the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the sound of the impact of gold and stone resounded from the Dazu cliff in Chongqing for thousands of years. More than 50000 statues leaped onto the cliff. Especially in the Song Dynasty, Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism met in Dazu. After the integration of Bashu people, they created a model of grotto art with great style.

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11 volumes of archaeological collection

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are the experience of applying for World Heritage in ancient Shu sites. In 1999, Dazu stone carvings were listed in the world heritage list. Among the grottoes listed in the world heritage list, Dazu stone carvings represent the highest level of world Grottoes art in the 9th-13th century, and are known as “the last monument in the history of world Grottoes art”.

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in recent years, the application process of ancient Shu civilization sites has attracted much attention. In 2006, the site of ancient Shu state, including Jinsha site, was listed in the preliminary list of China’s world cultural heritage by the State Administration of cultural relics. Wang Fang, deputy curator of Jinsha Site Museum, believes that the cooperation between the two museums represents the first time that the two cultural heritages have joined hands for the first time. Dazu stone carvings have been successfully applied for world heritage for more than 20 years. Both cultural relics protection and world cultural heritage declaration can provide rich experience for the application of ancient Shu civilization sites.

at the opening ceremony of the exhibition, Dazu stone carving Research Institute presented the complete works of Dazu stone carvings to Jinsha Site Museum. This complete set of works was compiled by hundreds of experts and scholars over 14 years. It contains 11 volumes and 19 volumes, recording 2.52 million words, more than 3000 mapping maps and contour maps, and more than 5000 pictorial plates, inscriptions and rubbings. It summarizes the arduous research, protection and application of Dazu stone inscriptions, which will provide reference for the joint application for world heritage of ancient Shu civilization sites.

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the largest scale of outward Exhibition

digital display of Dazu stone carvings,

compared with the previous outreach of Dazu stone carvings, this special exhibition is the largest number of cultural relics exhibits. Liu Xiangao, vice president of Dazu stone carving Research Institute of

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, said that the theme of the selected statues was wide, including Buddha, Bodhisattva, arhat, Guanyin, and donor statues from the Song Dynasty to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. In addition to the high-profile treasures of the town hall, there are many exhibits reflecting the secular religious beliefs at that time, as well as the distinctive tomb relics unearthed in Dazu area. “These exhibits not only reflect the beauty of Dazu stone sculptures, but also reflect the development of secular religions in Sichuan and Chongqing.”

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are Buddha statues of Sakyamuni. Our reporter Xue Weirui photographed the stone tiger unearthed from the Jinsha site. Most of the

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Dazu stone carvings are on the cliff. How can the audience feel the charm of Dazu stone carvings in the form of exhibition? According to Wang Fang, the exhibition uses a lot of digital technology. Through three-dimensional laser scanning (3D printing) technology, the two works of Qianshou Guanyin and Yiyin Bodhisattva are presented according to their original size, so that the audience can have zero distance contact with the cultural relics; through the form of video and documentary, the audience can watch the stone carving of Baoding mountain and the restoration process of Qianshou Guanyin. “Generally speaking, the use of these digital presentation methods enables cultural relics to have multiple forms of expression, hoping that the audience can fully experience the massive historical impact brought by Dazu stone carvings.”

* except for the signature, the photos in this article are all according to the original title of

of Jinsha Site Museum: Jinsha site and Dazu stone inscription “group debut”